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Walk into the history of Heidelberg.
church Heidelberg


* The Southern most battle point in the Anglo Boer War
* One of the oldest farm houses in the southern Cape
* Bullet holes still in front door of house
A historic walk through our town gives visitors, interested in history and architecture, an experience to remember.

Don't print this: go to the Info office: you can get a free brochure + map how to walk!!


It all started with a church......

Heidelberg was established after churchgoers got permission to build their own Dutch Reformed Church in Heidelberg in 1855. After negotiating with farm owner Louis Fourie, they bought the church farm Doornboom for 5000 pounds and Heidelberg was born. The town got its name from the Heidelberg catechism and after the German town of Heidelberg. On November 21 -22, 1855, the Heidelberg Congregation was formed and the town developed around the church.
The Duivenhoksriver had already been discovered in the time of Governor Simon van der Stel, during an expedition in 1689 sent under Izak Schryver to do business with a specific Inqua tribe.

In the old days, farm land was gained through grazing rights close to water and fountains which later would turn into renting and eventually inheritance rights. Old maps show farm borders of circular shape. Nearby a fountain, a farmer would plant a stake into the ground, representing the centre point of the farm. He would then ride north on horseback for half an hour to mark the northern border.. After returning back to the fountain he would stake out the remaining three directions. According to the position of the original Doornboom homestead Heidelberg was founded on one of these circular shaped farms. In 1904, the New Cape Central Railways company built a railway line, that passed through Heidelberg, providing the town with railway connections.

Teken Monumentenzorg
Heidelberg and its surroundings have a rich heritage of old buildings and many of them have been preserved. The old houses were built with raw clay bricks. The houses have high ceilings, attics for storage and to keep the houses cool. Traditionally, the windows were small for the same reason.


Old Congrgational Church 1: The Route starts in Van Riebeeck Street 35a at the Old Congregational Church. The church was built by a German Family after the congregation in Suurbraak decided that Heidelberg needed its own Congregational Church. The church was inaugurated on 11 May 1859.
Roxton House2: Roxton House (Van Riebeeck Street 35) was built in the original Victorian style and has been beautifully restored. This house is the old rectory of the Congregational Church. In 1902 the church was the only building standing in the street. The rectory was built in 1904.
B3 Municipaliteit.JPG3: The Heidelberg town hall was inaugurated in 1913. Regular meetings and movies over weekends led people to say: "Heidelberg is getting more like London every day". The Town Hall is still used for public events.
B4 Postkantoor2.JPG4: The stone Post Office building dates back to 1936. The building is frequently photographed by tourists because of the similar post office in Heidelberg, Germany.
B5 hotel Heidelberg.JPG5: The Heidelberg Hotel is a well-known landmark in Heidelberg. The date on the building is 1932, the year the hotel was restored in art deco style. Unfortunately, the original date of the building is unknown. According to town residents, the hotel is definitely more than 100 years old. The original building was built in Victorian style with wrought iron verandas. The colour has changed.....
Church Heidelberg6: The Historic NG Church. This is the second NG Church built in Heidelberg. In 1862, probationer Daneel received call as first minister and on January 13, 1856, the first members of the consistory were installed and the first four children were baptized in the old School Church. The need for a larger building arose and the foundation stone for the new Church building was laid on March 17, 1872, the silver communion-chalices and the baptismal font being ordered from London. The second church building was consecrated on July 19, 1873.

In 1910 the Rev. and Mrs. Spies arrived to find the church building in a state of dilapidation and persuaded the church council to build a new church.
On February 13, 1913, construction work was started on the church as it still stands today, was started. On March 7, 1914, the building was consecrated without any burden of debt. The church bell is an exceptional piece of work and unfortunately not open to visitors. On the bell a verse from 1 Peter 1:25 was affixed: "But the word o the Lord remains For all eternity". Heidelberg boasts quite a number of exceptional church-buildings.

 

From here, turn left on Murray street. At the right side you see:

 

Pastorie

 

7 Pastorie = Rectory of the NG-Church. Well: not any more, it's now a private house.

 

and left just before crossing the rail track:

Boarding House

8 The Boarding House. Euphemia van Eeden, an entrepreneurial woman of her time, started her own business after she left her husband together with her two children, and bought this property in the early 1960's. She established a boarding house for young women, and was said to be extremely strict when it came to men visiting girlfriends on the premises.

 

Walk towards the crest of the hill.

High School

9: On the left hand side is the Heidelberg High School. The original building of 1912 still remains in the courtyard.

 

Continue walking, take the first left and walk down. Enjoy the spectacular view over the golf course, Duivenhoks river and the rural surroundings.

 

GolfClub

10 Scenic view.

 

Walk down this street and turn into Fourie street, one of the oldest streets in Heidelberg. Here, one can still see prime examples of the original architecture in Heidelberg. It’s a charming neighbourhood filled with character. This is also the street where the original Farmstead of Doornboom (Fourie House) is situated.


House of Henry Hall11: On your right you can see Henry Hall's house. This house dates back to the 1800s. In the old German cemetery, there is a grave of a Henry Hall who died at the age of 14. We assume this was a son of the owner of the house.


Lotz House12: The Lotz house on the opposite side of the road is situated next to the original stables of the Fourie House. The feeding-troughs still remain inside the stables. This is one of the first private residences in Heidelberg. At the back are the original stables of Doornboom Farm. The original wooden troughs for feeding the horses are still on the property and in good condition.

 

DoornboomA2 Doornboom-2.jpg
13: Opposite Brugsig, on the corner of the street, you will see the original Doornboom farmstead or 'Fourie House'. This is the oldest house in town and into the Western Cape! It predates all the Swellendam houses. The house has been extensively renovated by the Fourie Trust, as you can see on the pictures. This single story T-shaped house with its sod- and mud-patched walls, its trusses of yellow wood and poplar poles and thatched roof with flaxen yarn, still stands after 270 years. It used to be the house of Louis Fourie, founding father of Heidelberg, who fled to South Africa in 1688 with the French Huguenots. In 1716, he obtained grazing rights from Governor Van der Stel on the Doornboom and "De Duivenhoks aan de Wagendrift" farms, and in 1733 Doornboom was registered in his name. Only one other farm in the district, "onder d'Grootvadersbosch", was allocated earlier on (in 1729, to Roelof Oelofse), but that homestead was built later.

 

A4 Brugsig (1880).png14: Brugsig.
It gained its name from the view from inside the house on the railway bridge. According to tradition, this house was used during the war as a hideaway for woman. A farm worker and his child rode to the house when they were being shot at. The child jumped from the horse and was supposedly shot dead. His father, marked by the rifle man as a spy, rode under the barrage and delivered his parcel. Today bullet-holes are still visible in the front door, as well as a framed bullet inside the house.

 

House of the Farrier15: This is the house of the Farrier. The building where the horses were shod is behind it.


Swarte's House 16: Opposite the Fourie House is the Swarte's House, now known as the Blue House. This house is still in its original state. All these old houses are built with mud and thick walls with stone foundations. The span inside this house is typical of the older building methods, no wider than 3 metres to accommodate the roof. It is a double storey with high ceilings.

 

First Rectory

17: This house was used for 70 years as the first Rectory of the NG Church. In 1931 it was sold on public auction and became a private dwelling.

 

Brian Badshaw

18: Professor Brian Badshaw studio

 

Rectory+Church
First Church 185519: Walking further down Fourie street you will pass the old Dutch Reformed Church rectory, now unrecognizable because of renovations. Just before the railway line on the left is a little building situated on the original terrain of the first Dutch Reformed Church building. This old building is one of the Sunday school class rooms of the old Church.

 

Old Post Office

20: Old Post Office. In 1904 the company New Cape Central Railways built a railway line past Heidelberg.
The town council had to decide whether they wanted the railway line through or around the town.
The widest road in town was Reitz Street and it was decided to build the railway line through it.
The Town Post Office was situated on this road. Today it is a residential house.

 

Huis Zenobia du Toit

21: Huis Zenobia du Toit. At the end of 1930 it became the Goeie Hoop Boarding House and eventually became the present day old age home in 1961. Huis Zenobia is named after Pastor Piet du Toit's wife.

 

Fleur Bleue

22: Nagmal Kamers. Farmers from the area came to town for communion and would then do their business in town and stay an extra day or two, usually with family and friends. Now it si a B&B.
Old Masonic Church23:After crossing the railway line on your left you will find the old Masonic Church, now converted into a private residence. This former "hotel" used to be a great embarrassment to the church fathers. Therefore, the church bought the building and converted it into a boarding house called the Yellow House. It later burned down. The cellar underneath the house was used by British Soldiers during the Boer War, given that this lot served as their barracks.


Boer and Brit Building
24: The Heidelberg Tourism Bureau used to be situated in this building. It is known in town as the Boer & Brit Building. This building tells the story of the Boer War's southernmost skirmish in the centre of Heidelberg. In 1986, the incident had almost been forgotten when a Welshmen and his Afrikaans wife set up a business in town. To emphasize their difference in backgrounds, they named their store "Boer en Brit". The owner's discovery that his store had been used as an English fort during an attack in 1901 amazed everyone. At that time, Heidelberg was the temporary home of the West Yorkshire Regiment and the store was used as a warehouse. Commander Theron approached the town with a boer commando from an eastern direction and opened fire at the building from the surrounding hills. The British, under the lead of Colonel Burke and Major Mahon, assembled in the warehouse, and fired blindly at Theron and his men. The soldiers fought back and on British side three soldiers fell and another three were wounded. However, they averted the attack and left Theron with quite a few wounded men. He left the wounded behind, who would later died. Fearing a local uprising within the quiet Afrikaner community, the British tried hard to conceal news of the skirmish. They buried the fallen in the cellars of the warehouse's outbuildings. Many years later, during restorations of the building, skeletons under the floor confirmed the events. Just opposite the store, on the property of the Dutch Reformed Church, a memorial stone was erected in honor of those who died during this war.

 

25: Across the road on Van Riebeeck Street is the St Barnabas Church. The Anglican congregation's first chapel was consecrated in 1860, and at the same time 16 pupils attended school inside.
B2 St Barnabas Anglican Churh of 1889.png
B6: (no photo) Next to the church, a rectory was bought, the church itself was upgraded and in 1889 the foundations for the larger building were laid. The Church with its connections to the High Church of England, to which the British royal family belongs, has beautiful rose windows and an intimate, sacred atmosphere. Adjacent to the church is the English Church School of Reverend Blant from 1865, currently used by the Church.


Continue walking down Fourie Street. You are now entering the centre of town.

Old Police Station

26: Old Police Station. This building was the old police station, together with horse stables and three cells at the back.

In 1934 the building was bought with the cells still at the back but the stables had already been destroyed. It became a residence, but is now a medical centre.

The bridge over the canal is the Voortrekker bridge, built in 1938 to keep the two parts of town connected in times of heavy rains in 1938. The bridge was build by The Rapportryers and they erected a small monument next to it. Here, at the banks of the canal, an old residence was repaired and transformed into a Coffee and Gift Shop -

Aan de Kanaal

27: "Aan de Kanaal" The Canal, previously known as the Doornriver, meandered through town, frequently overflowing its banks with heavy rains, which caused a lot of damage. After many floodings it was decided to dig a new course for the river and to widen it. The canal runs for 2 kilometres beneath the Duivenhoks river and is used for irrigation.


Turn right into Eksteen Street. On your left:

Wim Lombardie

28: Lombardie. This building dates back to 1857. This plot, nr 3, is one of the first erwe developed for residential purposes in Heidelberg. The Lombard family bought it in the 1920s.

Go back ! uther down in the Eksteenstreet. On the left you pass:

De La Guerre

29: De la Querre. The name means 'Of the war' in French. He was Napoleon's sword bearer and you can see the sword on display in the Swellendam Museum.

Walk down Eksteen street (you pass Dorothea's Coffee Shop and Spensolyt tuisgebak) until Rainier Street. Turn left and walk up, past the sports facilities. On your left is an open piece of land, this land was used for growing grapes by the Jew Friedman.
Old Prison32: Turn left into Van Riebeeck Street. On your right you will find the old prison, close to the Magistrate's building.
Disler's distillery and wine cellar33: The next building on your right used to be Disler's distillery and wine cellar. It is now a store room for a private residence. The "thatched roof" is actually a pitched concrete roof.
Friedman Residence34: The businessman lived in the next house on your left, Friedman's residence. This house is an excellent example of the Victorian Building style which was so popular in the 1920s.
B11 The old magistrate building in Van Riebeek Street.png35: Further down the road on your left is the old Magistrate's building, this is now a private residence. This house has an exceptional staircase that was imported from Holland and most of its fittings are still intact. There is a French oak tree in the back garden that dates back to 1857. The court and offices were on the ground floor, and the residence on the top floor.


Old Independent Church
36: On your right, next to the house with the beautiful handcrafted glass and metal door, is the Old Independent Church. Apparently, services were held by Henry Hall under an old doornboom before this church was built. The church congregation grew and a larger space was needed. The church was later renovated into a granny flat, was renovated again, and is now used as an art gallery for local artists.

Mechanic & Shed

37: Barn & Mechanic. This building dates back to 1926. The round roof is typical of the 1920's building with Art Deco style. It was originally used as a barn for the Doornboom Farm. With the arrival of cars and tractors in Heidelberg, it was turned into a workshop for servicing vehicles.

Garage

38: Garage. This building dates back to 1933. It was used as the J.J. Lingenfelder Central Garage since 1943. It was Van der Vyver's Shell Garage and mechanic services when Dawie Koch bought it in 1968. The name then changed to Koch Motors.
Between 1977 and 1980 there were 122 farmers who were part of the Co-Op of which 88 drove new Datsun bakkies, purchased from Koch Motors.

Old Rectory 39: On your left you will find the old rectory of the Independent Church.


After this you are back in the centre town.
Enjoy the rest of your visit to Heidelberg !



Text: Louise Kluyts, corrections by Marieke Iest.


 

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